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Culture and International Affairs Division

Sister Road Agreement Between the “Kumano Ancient Road” in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, and the “Road to Santiago” in the Province of Galicia, Spain

      As homes to the World Cultural Heritages, the “Kumano Ancient Road” and the “Road to Santiago”, Respectively, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, and the province of Galicia, Spain hereby officially conclude a sister road agreement to establish enduring friendly relations.
              Our Prefecture and Province are located on the eastern tip of the Orient and the western tip of the Occident.  However, both of our ancient roads share a common history.  They have developed simultaneously as pilgrimage routes and have become beloved by our citizens as important parts of our historical and cultural heritage and spiritual culture.  This sister road relationship is an opportunity to have exchanges in a wide variety of fields such as tourism, culture, art and education, to deepen our mutual understanding, and to work towards our mutual development.
             By uniting Wakayama and Galicia, the destinations of our respective ancient roads, this agreement will help bring Japan and Spain together, strengthen the friendly relations between our regions and countries, and contribute to world peace and development.
             This official agreement was written in both Japanese and Spanish, and will go into effect on the day it is signed.

                                                                                                            October 9, 1998.

Isamu Nishiguchi                                                        Manuel Fraga Iribarne
Governor                                                                 President
Wakayama Prefecture                                                        Province of Galicia

        Outline of the Road to Santiago and Galicia

             The Road to Santiago is a pilgrimage road that leads to the Santiago de Compostela Cathedral in Galicia, Spain, one of the 3 holiest sites in Catholicism.  There are a few different routes.  The French Route, which runs 900km from Paris, through the Pyrenees Mountains and into Spain, was registered as World Cultural Heritage in 1993, the only road to be so designated.
Relationship with the Kumano Ancient Road:
①       Both have origins as a pilgrimage route.  According to records, both began as pilgrimage routes in the early 10th century.
②       One is situated in the Far East, and the other in the Far West.
③       One is a culture of trees, the other a culture of rocks.
④       It is a rare sister road relationship, given the commonalities and differences between polytheism and monotheism.

           Galicia is located in the northwest part of Spain facing the Atlantic Ocean.  It is an autonomously governed region to the north of Portugal.
1.        Capital:                    Santiago de Compostela
2.        Population:          2,737,370 (2002 est.), 5th largest of Spain’s 17 provinces
3.        Area:                    29,574 km2, 7th largest of Spain’s 17 provinces (5.8% of Spain) Galicia is itself divided into 4  administrative provinces (A Coruna, Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra)
4.        Climate:                    temperature 0-20℃, annual rainfall 800-2000mm, hours of daylight 1 799h
5.        Languages:          Spanish, Galician, (English)
6.        Currency:          Euro

         Friendship State Agreement Between Wakayama Prefecture, Japan and Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China

               Wakayama Prefecture, Japan and Shandong Province, China hereby conclude a friendship state agreement to deepen our friendship and understanding, and promote mutual friendly relations based on the spirit of the Japan-China Joint Declaration to Improve Diplomatic Relations and the Japan-China Peace and Friendship Treaty.
              This friendship state agreement is a new starting point for the promotion of exchange and cooperation in economic, trade, culture, education, technology and other fields, based on the principles of peace and friendship, equality, reciprocity, mutual trust and long term stability.  We agree to work for friendly relations between Japan and China, and the development of the friendship between Wakayama Prefecture and Shandong Province.
              This official agreement was written in both Japanese and Chinese, and will go into effect on the day it is signed.

     Shirou Kariya                                                                     Liang Bu Ting
     Governor                                                                         Governor
   Wakayama Prefecture                                                         Shandong Province
   Japan                                                                             People’s Republic of China

April 18, 1984

           Outline of Shandong Province

              History:  A region that has flourished since ancient times, it is one of the cradles of the Chinese people and culture.  There were two countries in this region in the Chunqui era (770-403 BC).  Even today, Shandong is abbreviated with the names of these countries.
              Geography:  Shandong is located in eastern China at the lower reaches of the Yellow River.  It borders Hebei province to the north, Henan province to the west, Anhui province and Jiangsu province to the south.  Including the Shandong peninsula which juts to the east into the Yellow and Bo Hai Seas, and the Taishan mountain range to the west, it has an area of 156,700 km2.  It is 55% plains and has a coastline of 3,100 km.
              Population:  Shandong is divided into 17 prefecture-level divisions, 31 county-level cities, 60 counties, and 48 districts (as of 2000) and has a population of 90,820,000 (as of 2002).
              Climate:  Shandong is part of a monsoon climate zone.  Average annual temperature is 13℃.  In July, the hottest month, the average temperature is 25 to 27℃, and in January, the coldest month, it is –2 to 0℃.  Average annual rainfall in the western region is 400-600mm, and in the eastern and southern regions it is 700-900mm.
              Industry:  Mineral resources such as oil, natural gas, coal, gold, bauxite, iron, etc. are thriving, and the energy and chemical industries that make use of these resources are developing.  Also, agricultural industries such as wheat, corn, cotton, peanuts, and fruit are thriving and the fishing industry is developing.  As of 2002, Shandong’s agricultural output was number 1 in the country, and the province’s GDP, production volume, and oil and coal production were all number 2 in the country.
              6 cities, including Jinan, Qingdao and Yantai, and 27 counties have been designated as economically deregulated areas and have taken steps to welcome foreign enterprises.

             
      Friendship State Agreement Between Wakayama Prefecture, Japan and Pyrénées-Orientales, France

      Wakayama Prefecture, Japan and Pyrénées-Orientales, France herby conclude a friendship state agreement to deepen mutual understanding of our prefecture and departement.
       We will work towards our mutual development, towards deepening our mutual relations, and towards exchanges in economic, tourism, culture, art, education, sports and a variety of fields.
       This agreement will connect our prefecture and departement, strengthen relations between Japan and France, and contribute to the peace and development of the world.
       This official agreement was written in both Japanese and French, and will go into effect on the day it is signed.

September 15, 1993.

  Isamu Nishiguchi                                          René Marquez
   Vice-Governor                                                        Governor
   Wakayama Prefecture                                          Pyrénées-Orientales
   Representing

  Shirou Kariya                                                                                                          
    Governor
    Wakayama Prefecture

    Japan

              Outline of Pyrénées-Orientales, France

              Pyrénées-Orientales is located at the southern tip of France at the foot of the Pyrenees mountains, facing Spain and the Mediterranean Sea.  Like Barcelona and other areas it is historically a part of Catalonia, and is a department with a rich history.
                Traditionally the agricultural industry, mainly fruit, vegetables and wine, has flourished.  Recently Mediterranean beach resorts like San Cyprian have developed, and along with the winter Pyrenees mountains ski resorts, the resort tourism industry is growing.
(Scale)
1.        Area:       4,183 km2 (Wakayama is 4,722 km2)
2.        Climate:       Mediterranean climate
                            Average annual temperature 14.9℃
                            Average annual rainfall 311mm
                            (This varies by year but is generally between 300-400mm)
3.        Population:    About 392,000
4.        Capital:       Perpignan
5.        Access:       Paris to Perpignan (1 hour by plane)
                            Barcelona to Perpignan (about 2 hours by car)
                            London to Perpignan (1 hour 55 minutes by plane)

          Friendship State Agreement Between Wakayama Prefecture, Japan and Sinaloa, Mexico

             Wakayama Prefecture, Japan and Sinaloa, Mexico hereby officially conclude a sister state agreement to establish enduring friendly relations
              Both sides agree to cooperate in activities that will lead to our mutual benefit, and to promote various exchanges to deepen our mutual understanding and friendship, based on the traditional friendship and good faith between Japan and Mexico.  This agreement is a milestone that will allow both of us to contribute to the friendly ties between the citizens of our prefecture and state, and to our economic, trade, social, and cultural development.
              This official agreement was written in both Japanese and Spanish, and will go into effect on the day it is signed.

May 20, 1996.

              Isamu Nishiguchi                                          Vega Alvarado
              Governor                                                   Governor
              Wakayama Prefecture                                          Sinaloa
              Japan                                                                    Mexico

           Outline of Sinaloa, Mexico

              One of 32 States (including one commonwealth).  It is located in the northwestern part of Mexico on the Pacific Ocean.  With its 3 airports, and railroad and highway networks, it is well connected to other regions.  Its main industries are agriculture, mostly the production of vegetables and grain, and fishing.  Processing industries related to agriculture and fishing are also thriving.

1.        Capital:       Culiacán
2.        Population:    2,536,844 (as of 2000)
3.        Climate:       Hot along the coastal plains, warm in the canyons.  It is cool at the foot of the mountains, and cold at high elevations.  Summer is the rainy season.  The average temperature is 25℃.  The average annual rainfall is 830 mm.
4.        Area:       58, 092 km2 (17th largest in Mexico, roughly 12 times Wakayama)
5.        Agriculture and Fisheries:       Main agricultural products (rank in Mexico)
          Tomatoes (1), beans (2), corn (3), wheat (4), sugarcane (6)
          Main fishing catches:  Shrimp, tuna, sardines.
6.        Commerce and Industry:  Exports:  About 13,300,000,000 USD
          Imports:  About 14,000,000,000 USD
          Mainly food production factories, canned fruit and vegetable factories, refrigerated vegetable factories and sugar factories (Culiacán), marine product factories and small ship building factories (Mazatlán), and sugar purification factories, wheat factories and other food product factories, (Ahome).  70% is concentrated in these 3 regions.
7.        Tourism:       About 1,300,000 tourists visit Sinaloa each year, about 20% are from abroad.
8.        Language:       Spanish
9.        Currency:       Peso

An Agreement for the Establishment of a Sister-State Relationship
between
The State of Florida of the United States of America
and the Prefecture of Wakayama in Japan

Desiring to establish lasting and friendly relations between them, the State of Florida in the United States of America and Wakayama Prefecture in Japan do hereby formally agree to enter a Sister-State Relationship.

Upon the basis of Japanese-American traditional friendship and cordial relations, the two parties agree to promote interchanges with the objective of achieving deepening mutual understanding and goodwill.  The parties agree to cooperate and work together to bring about mutual benefit and prosperity.  The two Sister States are united in the firm belief that this affiliation will unite the people of the State of Florida and the people of the Prefecture of Wakayama in lasting friendship and respect and, at the same time, mark another milestone in the economic, trade, social and cultural developments of both the State of Florida and the Prefecture of Wakayama.

Both the Japanese and English versions of this agreement are certified as official documents and shall become effective on this day, the fourth of October, nineteen hundred and ninety-five.

              Shirou Kariya                                          Buddy Mackay
              Governor                                     Lieutenant Governor
              Wakayama Prefecture                            Representing Governor Lawton Chiles
              Japan                                                      Florida
                                                                              USA

              Outline of Florida, USA

              Florida is well known for its beach resorts, particularly the warm and beautiful Miami Beach area, to which many people come during winter.  It has a thriving tourism industry with many world-renowned theme parks such as Disney World, Universal Studios and Sea World.  Its agricultural (mostly citrus) and fishing industries are thriving.  The Kennedy Space Center is representative of its electronics and high tech industries, which have been developing recently.
1.        Location:       On the Florida Peninsula in the southeast US.  Key West is the southernmost point in the US.
2.        Area:       140,210 km2 (Wakayama is 4,722 km2)
3.        Population:    16,000,000 (4th largest in the country)
4.        Capital:       Tallahassee
5.        Climate:       Temperate and subtropical.  Nicknamed the “Sunshine State” because of the weather, it is a popular destination in winter.
6.        State Flower: Orange Blossom